This post follows on from the UP hypothesis.
String theory encompasses a group of models, which advocate the concept of elementary particles as vibrating strings. In some instances, space is regarded as a fabric of woven strings, which when torn at some quantum locality, it exposes the background vacuum that represents the mass of a newly formed particle. In other instances, the theory proposes that a particle develops mass as a vibrating string, so that its mass is the exposed background vacuum maintained by its level of oscillation, which reflect its energy level. Therefore, the greater the level of oscillation, the greater the mass. Thus, energy is defined as string vibration. Strings could be open-ended or closed loops. Continue reading “Calabi—Yau manifolds & the M-theory”
In this post, I outline a hypothesis which describes physical reality in terms of the behaviour of the fabric of space and the interaction of its constituents. It is not a theory that attempts to model a specific phenomenon or replace an existing theory. It is a hypothesis that gives physical significance to all existing theories in physics and in mathematics.
In physics, it rationalises phenomena such as matter, energy, mass, forces, electric charge, quantum field, quantum spin, etc. and defines them in independent physical terms. As such, it reveals the reason behind the apparent conflict between classical and quantum mechanics and explains in full details the workings of the atom as a coherent physical system. Consequently, it introduces a conceptual relationship between mass and energy and removes all myths from quantum theory. In full agreement with all major theories, the hypothesis explains the need for the extra dimensions demanded by string theory.
In mathematics, the hypothesis exposes a link between physical phenomena and their mathematical models and eliminates wrong assumptions held as axioms on which geometric modelling is based. Thus, it explains the reality behind irrational and complex numbers and reveals the power and limitation of mathematics as an input language for information processing systems, including the human brain.
The hypothesis is simple enough for anyone to understand. However, its implications for explaining physical reality are far reaching. With good understanding of mechanics, the hypothesis can be used to explain all physical phenomena from the smallest of subatomic particles to the largest of galactic clusters. In fact, the existence of all such phenomena is demanded by the hypothesis.
The hypothesis states: Continue reading “The UP Hypothesis”
Out there, beyond the bounds of consciousness, one imagines the existence of a colourful world of sounds, smells, tastes and textures. However, nothing like that exists except in the mind. In reality, what exists is a heaving world of particles that have no colour, make no sound, produce no odour, possess no taste or sensation. That includes the apparently empty outer space.
In processing a continuum of signals from the surroundings, and from within our bodies, our brains give us a sense of continuity of existence in space and in time. However, that continuity is false. At some level, below the level of atoms and molecules, that continuity breaks down revealing the reality of the world as bits. At such a level, reality becomes individual elements of space and time. Each such element defines the smallest possible location in space and its oscillation defines the shortest possible time epoch. The smallest dimension of such a space is referred to in physics as the Planck length and the time it takes it to oscillate is referred to as the Planck time. Continue reading “My Take On Physical Reality: A Quantum Perspective”